Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu or Machu Pikchu (machu old, pikehes pyramid or mountain that has an extensive base and at the top has sharp peaks,) this “Old Peak” stands as a great historical site called as ‘Inca’ site. The height of this old peak is 2,430m (7970 ft). It is situated in Urubamba province in Peru.  Machu Picchu lies on a mountain hill top that is on the top of holy valley and is 80km northwest of Cusco region from where a river known as ‘Urubamba’ flows. It is the world’s most well recognized tourist attraction and archaeological site in South America as well as in Peru.

 

History: Archaeologists think that Machu Picchu represent the ‘Inca’ civilization , the emperor of this civilization was Pachacuti (1438-1472)

 

The Incas built the state around 1450, and abandoned it after Spanish conquest a century later. Various historians have presented theories about the history of Machu Picchu.

 

An American historian Hiram Bigham suggests that the complex was the traditional birth place Incan ‘Virgins of Suns’. Most recent researches by scholars such as John Howland Rowe and Richard Burger have convinced archaeologists that Machu Picchu was an estate of Inca Emperor Pachacuti. In addition, John Reinhard presented evidence for Machu Picchu to be a religious site. The site received significant publicity after the National Geographic society devoted their efforts in April 1973 to Machu Picchu.

 

Geography:-

 

Machu Picchu lies in the Southern Hemisphere 13.14 degrees south of the equator. It is situated above the loop of Urubamba River which surrounds the site. The deep precipices and steep mountains provided excellent natural defenses in the past. The Inca Bridge across Urubamba River provided a secret entrance for Inca Army.

 

This site has water availability which comes from spring and a land enough to live and grow food as well for the people who lived there.  The hill sides that lead to the site have terraces which are beneficial to reduce erosion of soil and also help protect against landslides.

 

Distribution according to the habilitation factors:

 

The Machu Pichu area is basically distributed among two sectors, the agricultural and residential or urban sectors. These two sectors are called the upper town and lower town. The temples of the site are located on the upper town and ware houses are located on the lower town. This distribution is based on the natural form of the mountain graduation as well.  The city has two sectors, eastern and western. The Eastern part is devoted specifically for the religious purposes while the western part is devoted to residential purposes.

 

Inthihuatana, also known as the Temple of the Sun and Room of three windows is located in the upper town. It is a fundamental archaeological treasure. This temple was prepared to dedicate it to the Mighty Divinity and Sun God named “Inti”.

 

The lower town is specifically allocated for population as residential area. This area has houses, markets, and storage buildings. The royalty is allocated as the sector for the nobleness. The royalty area is structured in rows over the slop of mountain.  The houses of this area have reddish walls that are specifically symbolized for the residence of wise persons, the Amantas.

 

Intihuatana stone:-

 

Intihuatana stone is one of many ceremonial stones in South America. The Inca believed that the stone held the sun in its place along its annual path in the sky. At mid day on the 11th  of November and 30th  of January, the stone stands nearly over the pillar casting no shade.

 

Construction:-

 

The central buildings of Machu Picchu used the classical Inca architectural style of polished dry stone walls. Peru is a highly seismic land thus mortar free construction makes it earthquake resistant. Inca walls had numerous design details that helped protect them against collapsing in an earthquake. Doors and windows are tilt inward from top to bottom and trapezoidal.

 

Roads and transportation:-

 

As part of their road system, Incas built a road to a Machu Picchu region. Today, A large number of tourists walk the Inca Trail to visit Machu Picchu each year.

 

Concerns over Tourism:-

 

Machu Picchu is a world inheritance site of UNESCO, since its discovery, a growing number of tourists visit the Machu Picchu. Peru as a foremost revenue producer is frequently exposed by fiscal and profitable threats. In the late 1990, the Peruvian government approved discounts to permit construction of cable car and expansion of luxury hotels, including tourist restaurants. Many people protested against the plan as they were concerned that the larger number of visitors will pose a tremendous physical burden on the ruins.

 

Machu Picchu is considered a historical landmark with a staggering natural exquisiteness. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide internet Poll.

 

Walt Disney World Resort–Place to Visit

Walt Disney World Resort

Most of us have grown up watching Disney characters like Mickey Mouse, Cinderella, Goofy and many more, and we all had one or more favorite Disney character. Mad hatter, Donald Duck, Pukahontas and Pluto, they have all entertained us in our childhood and for some, even in adulthood. Almost every Disney fan has wished to meet his/her favorite Disney character in real. I remember growing up wishing to meet Cinderella and having clothes like her. My dream was to have Pluto as my pet dog. In 1971, Walt Disney Company made every child’s dream come true by opening Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista Florida. It is one of a kind theme park resort where people of all ages can come and enjoy rides both exciting and thrilling. They can relax and recuperate in different water parks or spas. The entire resort has variety of activities to offer where kids and adults can have fun together. This is why it is the best place to visit for any generation.

 

Walt Disney World Resort or more commonly known as Disney World is the most visited entertainment attractions in the United States. It is a tribute to the idea and life of Walter Elias Disney and to the talents and the devotion of the entire Disney organization that made Walt Disney’s dream come true. Disney world was created with the mission to be fun for everyone, and keeping that in mind a kingdom of ideal and perfect world was created.

 

In the World of Walt Disney

 

It is probably called Walt Disney World because it is a world with numerous places to occupy the visitors. There are four theme parks in Walt Disney World and they are no conventional amusement parks. These parks have much more than just rides, there are stage shows, shops to browse, Disney characters to meet, parades, and fireworks. The four theme parks are:

 

 

Two of the world’s most famous water parks also located in Walt Disney World Resort. They are:

 

  • Typhoon Lagoon
  • Blizzard Beach

 

There are six golf courses and two shopping areas which provide shopping, dining, and other entertainment activities. There are 34 Disney resorts and hotels which are classified into four categories: Deluxe, Moderate, Value, and Disney Vacation Club Villas.

 

Walt Disney World is so huge that an individual theme park can attract a visitor for a whole day. There are many other attractive fun things to do in the Disney world; from golf, tennis, boating, spas, health clubs, and race cars to backstage tours, sporting events, and much more. Hence a trip to Disney World requires minimum of four to five days.

 

Things to do Walt Disney World

 

In a place like Disney World where every place is exciting and fun, it is easy to lose track of things. It is always good to make a plan and choose the things that you wish to see beforehand. There are number of things to see and do at Walt Disney World but the top picks are as follows:

 

  • The Three Mountains (Magic Kingdom): Space MountainBig Thunder Mountain Railroad and Splash Mountain are must-see for all adventure lovers.
  • Magic Kingdom’s Wishes Nighttime Spectacular. Fireworks show which is remarkable and worth watching.
  •  Kilimanjaro Safari (Animal Kingdom). It is no less than a Safari experience in Africa. It can be best experienced during the morning as the animals seem to be more active.
  • Twilight Zone Tower of Terror (Disney Hollywood Studios). It is a ride which promises to entertain thrill seekers.
  • Soarin’ (Epcot) is a ride with a convex screen and riders are lifted up and into the screen so it feels hanging on a glider soaring over California.
  • Living With The Land (Epcot) – This is an educational yet entertaining boat ride taking you through an indoor greenhouse, where you can explore and know more about alternate ways to grow crops, raise fish, and feed people in the toughest environments.
  • IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth’s (Epcot) fireworks, laser and water show celebrating the spirit of humanity.
  •  Kim Possible (Epcot). It is a game in which you become a secret agent and go on interactive quests in Epcot to save the world. It is fun and fascinating at the same time.
  • Festival of the Lion King (Animal Kingdom) – If you are a Lion King lover then you will enjoy this Broadway like 30 minute performance of the popular Lion King movie, with acrobatics and music.

 

Best time to Visit

 

For any visitor who has flexible travel dates and many things to do at Disney World avoid peak season and seek for the least busy time of the year to visit this dream land. Usually the crowd is lowest in October, November, December and January. Less rush means little waiting time in queues and low prices too. December maybe the most magical time of the year at Disney World, as Christmas decorations and huge Christmas tree leaving the visitors in awe. On the down side, it may be too cold to visit water parks. August and September can also be considered, as they offer a good balance of crowd, price and temperature.

 

If you have kids, then you have no choice but to visit during school break which also happens to be the peak season. This period includes Christmas week, February to April, June to mid-August. During the busiest times of the year, lines can be up to two hours long for the most popular attractions.

 

If you are planning to have a day rest in your vacation, choose to arrive on Thursday, that way you can enjoy two days of parks with reduced crowds and then use Sunday to rest.

 

Naritasan Shinshoji, the biggest temple of Naritasan

Naritasan ShinshojiAbout Naritasan Shinshoji Temple

An expansive mixture of sanctuary structures or temples stand on the roomy grounds of Naritasan, incorporating the sanctuary’s new and previous primary lobbies, a three storied pagoda. There is additionally an enjoyable park, which consolidates both, universal Japanese and European components.

Among them, Naritasan (The Naritasan Shinshoji Temple) is a substantial and profoundly notorious Buddhist sanctuary intricate in Narita City, not a long way from Narita Airport. It is an incredible site to visit in the event that you have three or more hours to use around the landing strip and wish to get a sight of memorable Japan.

Naritasan was inherent the year 940 around a statue of the Buddhist Fudo Myoo god, its fundamental sacrosanct object of love and worship. Kobo Daishi, the originator of the Shingon Sect and a standout amongst the most imperative figures in Japan’s religious history, is said to have cut the statue.

Central Constructions or Buildings

A few of the constructions at Narita-San sanctuary has been voted National Important Cultural Properties; the Kōmyō-dō, inherent 1701 and committed to Dainichi Nyorai Buddha (The Vairocana), the chief picture of Shingon Buddhism; it is the three-storied, and 25-meter high pagoda implicit 1712; the Niōmon principle entryway, inherent 1830; Shaka-dō (Shakyamuni Hall), implicit 1858; the Gaku-dō (The Votive Tablet Hall), inherent 1861. The Kaizan-dō (The Open Mountain Hall) alter to Kanchō Daisōjō was inherent 1938. Narita-San Park (16.5 hectares) that was opened in 1928 and a lobby devoted to Prince Shōtoku, viewed as the father of the Japanese Buddhism arose in 1992.

Festivals celebrated in the Naritasan Shinshoji Temple:

Some of the festivals celebrated in the Naritasan Shinsho-ji Temple are listed here:

Hatsu-mode (The month of January)

An unbelievable number of individuals visit The Naritasan Shinsho-ji Temple each year for the Hatsu – mode, the foremost visit of time to a sanctuary or holy place. The temple is dependably stacked up as a standout amongst the most went by sanctuaries and holy places on New Year’s Day. The sanctuary is packed with individuals desiring Hatsu-mode all through January, being generally gathered during the initial three days of the month.

Setsubun-e (The month of February)

It is a function held in the event of Risshun, celebrated on the very first day of the spring in the universal Japanese timetable, before the primary lobby of Shinsho-ji Temple. The Wishing for exceptional to exit underhanded and for a prosperous yield, some sumo men come to be men of the year and diffuse soybeans to the serenade of ‘In with good fortunes, in with great luck!’. In spite of the fact that the regular serenade is an Oni WA Soto (elsewhere with evil spirits, in with exceptional luck!’), it is the custom of this sanctuary or temple to avoid these words.

Kando Narita plays (The month of mid April and mid October)

It is an occasion began in 1994 with the end goal of letting individuals get a charge out of the new part of Narita. The fundamental pathway to Shinsho-ji Temple turns into one enormous theater, and different exhibitions, Japanese drum exhibitions as principal ones, are completed. The occasion is celebrated two times in a year; the shops along the road have a deal throughout the time.

Naritasan Takigi Noh (The month of May)

A drama and a manifestation of comic show are executed by the Umewaka Family of the Noh on an uncommon stage set up outside before Komyo-do lobby of Shinsho-ji shrine. In the nighttime dimness, the execution starts with the light of a blaze, which will transfer you into the universe of mysterious excellence.

Otaiya Festival (The month of September 2 and 3)

It is the great celebration which is celebrated in distinction of Kiuchi Sogoro, who relinquished himself to help workers. Road stalls are situated up in the regions, and boys are drawn through the town.

Osame-Fudo Fire (The month of December 28)

It is the final event held at the Shinsho-ji Temple on the December 28 each time. Goma-Fuda which gave us godly assurance as the year progressed are heaped up in the regions and smoldered to make all the bad spirits go away.

Tourism

Narita-san has been a top choice site for outings and journeys by nationals of the close-by metropolitan region. After adjacent Narita International Airport turned into the essential worldwide core of Japanese air activity in the late 1970s, Narita-San likewise started to draw in expanding amounts of remote vacationers, particularly the individuals who have long layovers in travel. From every station, it is only a short stroll to the sanctuary, along beautiful avenues with numerous little shops offering refreshments and different products, and in addition four leaf clovers and different trinkets.

This sanctuary temple is famous for its fire custom, which is performed some times each day. Guests wishing to know their fortunes can buy paper predictors or oracles from vending machines spotted on the grounds or visit one of the nearby seers.

Florida Keys

Florida Keys

Florida Keys are the coral cay group of islands situated in southeast of United States of America and are considered the extension of Florida peninsula. The term ‘Key’ comes from Spanish word ‘Cayo’ which means “little island”. The only living coral reef in the continental United States can be found on The Florida Keys. There are more than 800 keys, spreading across 290 km. At the southern end of Florida, there are towns of Homestead and Florida City; they are called the Gateway to the Keys. Only 43 keys are connected via bridges. The longest bridge is a Seven Mile Bridge. With the numerous islands in Florida Keys, they are divided into four groups. Each group is unique in history, culture and activities. Tourism and fishing are the main industries of these islands. The attractions of Florida Keys are the beaches, historical landmarks, museums, dining experience and art galleries. The four groups are:

The Upper Keys

The Upper Keys are the islands located at the farthest north and closest to Florida’s mainland. The Upper Florida Keys are well-known for the two things:

  • Scuba Diving
  • Sport Fishing

The Upper Keys have the most charter fishing boats as waters around carry good variety of fish. Key Largo an island present in Upper keys has been called the “Diving Capital of the World”. Off the city of Key Largo, there are some of the best sites for diving in the Florida Keys.  Divers and snorkelers can expect to see manta rays, spotted eagle rays, eels, turtles, reef sharks, tarpon, sting rays, large lobsters and tropical fish on diving. For nature lovers, Key Largo is a premier destination for kayakers, birders and other eco-tourists.

Another Upper key Islamorada has been named the “Sport Fishing Capital of the World”. It known as the Purple Island and was chosen to be one of the best places to live on in the world through people’s votes.

The Middle Keys

The Middle Florida Keys is made of many Keys starting with Long Key, the Conch Keys, Duck Key, Grassy Key, Boot Key, Crawl Key, Pigeon Key and Key Vaca. Long Key is a beautiful island known for parks, fishing spots, kayak, restaurants and beaches.

Key Vaca is an island present in Florida City, Marathon. Marathon is known for sport fishing and scuba diving. A rise in ocean bottom called hump also exists in Marathon city. Marathon Hump is known for fishing sports and catching game fish like Tuna, Blue Marlin, White Marlin, Sharks, Sailfish, Blackfin, Dolphin and huge Amberjack.

The Lower Keys

Lower Keys can be considered left over large fossilized coral reefs exposed as sea level declined. They have beautiful white sandy beaches and abundant wildlife. It is considered an excellent vacation spot. One of the Lower Keys is Key West which is known for its colorful locals. Key West has the longest street in the world as it runs from coast to coast. Visitors can take a ride on Conch Tour Train and get a close view of the beautiful Island. The Lower Keys are mostly underdeveloped, lacking any business except Big Pine Key. Deer and other wildlife protection have been set by National Key Deer Refuge in Big Pine Key. There is a unique island called ‘No Name Key’ on which life is very primitive and self-sufficient. A road connects Big Pine Key with No Name Key. Little away from Big Pine Key is a resort island called Little Palm where celebrities go for vacation. The resort is accessible only by boat.

Just like Upper and Middle Keys, Lower Keys also offer great snorkeling, scuba diving and sport fishing. It’s particularly known for its easy, relatively shallow dives with copious coral and fish.

The Outlying Islands

Sunset Key, Wisteria Island, the Marquesas Keys and the Dry Tortugas are part of the outlying islands. The Outer Keys have no bridge, and islands are accessible only by boat.

Importance of Florida Keys

The ecosystems of the Keys are home to several endangered species. If we managed to protect the Keys, this means we can help establish a better future for these animals and plants living there. The more people are educated about Florida Keys wildlife and ecology, the more danger free future we will be heading to.

Beach of Florida Keys

The famous beaches of Florida Keys are:

  •  Veteran’s Beach
  • Bahia Honda Sandspur
  • Bahia Honda Oceanside
  • Bahia Honda Bayside
  • Sombrero Beach
  • Coco Plum Beach
  • Curry Hammock

Climate of Florida Keys

The climate of the Florida Keys is tropical, just like the southern part of Florida. However, because of the islands’ location between the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico, they are prone to hurricanes. The islands have very low elevations and flooding from the storm’s surges which can easily affect large areas of the Keys. As a result threats of flooding, evacuation orders are always put into place when hurricanes threatens to take over the area.